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Canada geese prefer lawn grass in urban areas.

– Canada Goose – Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures on

The Canada goose, or Canadian goose, is a large wild goose with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body. It is native to the arctic and temperate regions of North America, and it is occasionally found during. The big, black-necked Canada Goose with its signature white chinstrap mark is a familiar and widespread bird of fields and parks.


Canada goose – Wikipedia – Recent Posts


Feeds in flocks at most seasons. White, becoming nest-stained. Incubation is by female, days; male stands guard nearby. Young: Parents lead young from nest days after hatching. Young are tended by both parents, but feed themselves. Age at first flight varies, usually weeks, tending to be longer in the largest forms.

Parents lead young from nest days after hatching. Consists almost entirely of plant material. Feeds on very wide variety of plants. Eats stems and shoots of grasses, sedges, aquatic plants, also seeds and berries; consumes many cultivated grains especially on refuges, where crops planted for geese.

Occasionally eats some insects, mollusks, crustaceans, sometimes small fish. May mate for life. Male defends territory with displays, including lowering head almost to ground with bill slightly raised and open, hissing; also pumps head up and down while standing. Nest site chosen by female is usually on slightly elevated dry ground near water, with good visibility.

Much variation; may nest on cliff ledges, on muskrat houses, in trees, on artificial platforms. Nest built by female is slight depression with shallow bowl of sticks, grass, weeds, moss, lined with down.

Learn more about these drawings. Historically, each local population followed rigid migratory path, with traditional stopovers and wintering areas. Today many geese in urban areas and on refuges are permanent residents. Other populations have changed routes or wintering areas as habitats have changed. Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too.

Sunnyvale, California recently began using lasers to deter large flocks of roosting crows. The effectiveness of these tools, however, can vary.

How one afternoon of birdwatching for Gaby Sotelo turned into a weekend—and perhaps a lifetime—full of birds.

A recent 5K art run introduced people to birds and the threats they face due to climate change. Latin: Branta bernicla. Latin: Branta hutchinsii. Latin: Anser albifrons. Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. Your support helps secure a future for birds at risk. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives.

This big ‘Honker’ is among our best-known waterfowl. In many regions, flights of Canada Geese passing over in V-formation — northbound in spring, southbound in fall — are universally recognized as signs of the changing seasons. Once considered a symbol of wilderness, this goose has adapted well to civilization, nesting around park ponds and golf courses; in a few places, it has even become something of a nuisance. Local forms vary greatly in size, and the smallest ones are now regarded as a separate species, Cackling Goose.

Photo gallery. Feeding Behavior forages mostly by grazing while walking on land; also feeds in water, submerging head and neck, sometimes up-ending.

Eggs , sometimes Young Parents lead young from nest days after hatching. Diet Consists almost entirely of plant material. Nesting May mate for life. Climate threats facing the Canada Goose Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. More News. News Sunnyvale, California recently began using lasers to deter large flocks of roosting crows.

Explore Similar Birds. The Bird Guide Adopt a Bird. Brant Latin: Branta bernicla. Cackling Goose Latin: Branta hutchinsii. Greater White-fronted Goose Latin: Anser albifrons. These birds need your help. Get Audubon in Your Inbox Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. Email address. Find Audubon Near You Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program.

Explore the Network. Become an Audubon Member Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. Join Today. Spread the word. Stay abreast of Audubon Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. Species as a whole probably still increasing: responds well to management on wildlife refuges, and has become a common resident of city lakes and parks in many areas. Some distinctive populations are scarce or declining.

Lakes, ponds, bays, marshes, fields. Very diverse, using different habitats in different regions; always nests near water, winters where feeding areas are within commuting distance of water.

Nesting habitats include tundra, fresh marshes, salt marshes, lakes in wooded country. Often feeds in open fields, especially in winter. In recent years, also resident in city parks, suburban ponds.


Canada goose bird info


The Canada goose Branta canadensis , or Canadian goose , [2] [3] is a large wild goose with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body. It is native to the arctic and temperate regions of North America , and it is occasionally found during migration across the Atlantic in northern Europe.

Extremely adept at living in human-altered areas , Canada geese have established breeding colonies in urban and cultivated habitats, which provide food and few natural predators.

The success of this common park species has led to its often being considered a pest species because of its excrement , its depredation of crops, its noise, its aggressive territorial behavior toward both humans and other animals, and its habit of stalking and begging for food , the latter a result of humans disobeying artificial feeding policies toward wild animals. The Canada goose was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his 18th-century work Systema Naturae.

The cackling goose was originally considered to be the same species or several subspecies of the Canada goose, but in July , the American Ornithologists’ Union ‘s Committee on Classification and Nomenclature split them into two species, making the cackling goose into a full species with the scientific name Branta hutchinsii.

The British Ornithologists’ Union followed suit in June The AOU has divided the many subspecies between the two species. The subspecies of the Canada goose were listed as:. The distinctions between the two geese have led to confusion and debate among ornithologists. This has been aggravated by the overlap between the small types of Canada goose and larger types of cackling goose.

The old “lesser Canada geese” were believed to be a partly hybrid population, with the birds named B. The holotype specimen of taverneri is a straightforward large pale cackling goose however, and hence the taxon is still valid today and was renamed “Taverner’s cackling goose”. In addition, the barnacle goose B. Thus, the species’ distinctness is well evidenced. Ornithologist Harold C. Hanson, who had rediscovered wild populations of the Giant Canada Goose, proposed splitting Canada and cackling goose into six species and subspecies.

The black head and neck with a white “chinstrap” distinguish the Canada goose from all other goose species, with the exception of the cackling goose and barnacle goose the latter, however, has a black breast and grey rather than brownish body plumage. The seven subspecies of this bird vary widely in size and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada geese. Some of the smaller races can be hard to distinguish from the cackling goose, which slightly overlap in mass.

However, most subspecies of the cackling goose exclusive of Richardson’s cackling goose, B. The smallest cackling goose, B. In addition to the size difference, cackling geese also have a shorter neck and smaller bill, which can be useful when small Canada geese comingle with relatively large cackling geese.

Of the “true geese” i. Canada geese range from 75 to cm 30 to 43 in in length and have a — cm 50—73 in wingspan. The largest subspecies is B. This specimen is the largest wild goose ever recorded of any species. The male Canada goose usually weighs 2. The female looks virtually identical, but is slightly lighter at 2.

This species is native to North America. It breeds in Canada and the northern United States in a wide range of habitats. The Great Lakes region maintains a large population of Canada geese. Canada geese occur year-round in the southern part of their breeding range, including the northern half of the United States’ eastern seaboard and Pacific Coast, and areas in-between.

Between California and South Carolina in the southern United States and in northern Mexico , Canada geese are mainly present as migrants from further north during the winter. By the early 20th century, overhunting and loss of habitat in the late 19th and early 20th centuries had resulted in a serious decline in the numbers of this bird in its native range.

The giant Canada goose subspecies was believed to be extinct in the s until, in , a small flock was discovered wintering in Rochester, Minnesota , by Harold Hanson of the Illinois Natural History Survey.

Its first director, Harvey K. Nelson, talked Forrest Lee into leaving Minnesota to head the center’s Canada goose production and restoration program.

Forrest soon had 64 pens with 64 breeding pairs of screened, high-quality birds. The project involved private, state, and federal resources and relied on the expertise and cooperation of many individuals.

By the end of , more than 6, giant Canada geese had been released at 83 sites in 26 counties in North Dakota. In recent years, Canada goose populations in some areas have grown substantially, so much so that many consider them pests for their droppings, bacteria in their droppings, noise, and confrontational behavior. This problem is partially due to the removal of natural predators and an abundance of safe, human-made bodies of water near food sources, such as those found on golf courses, in public parks and beaches, on sports fields, and in planned communities.

Due in part to the interbreeding of various migratory subspecies with the introduced non-migratory giant subspecies, Canada geese are frequently a year-around feature of such urban environments. Contrary to its normal migration routine, large flocks of Canada geese have established permanent residence along the Pacific coast of North America from British Columbia’s Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island area south to the San Francisco Bay area of Northern California.

Some Canada geese have taken up permanent residence as far south as Florida, in places such as retention ponds in apartment complexes. In , the Ohio population of Canada geese was reported as roughly ,, with the number likely to continue increasing. Many of the geese, previously migratory, reportedly had become native, remaining in the state even in the summer. The increase was attributed to a lack of natural predators, an abundance of water, and plentiful grass in manicured lawns in urban areas.

The population was estimated at 18, in The geese are considered protected, though a hunting season is allowed from September 1—15, with a daily bag limit of five.

Canada geese have reached Northern Europe naturally, as has been proved by ringing recoveries. The birds include those of the subspecies B. These geese are also found naturally on the Kamchatka Peninsula in eastern Siberia , and eastern China. Canada geese have also been introduced in Europe, and had established populations in Great Britain in the middle of the 18th century, [31] Ireland, the Netherlands , Belgium , France , Germany , Scandinavia , and Finland.

Most European populations are not migratory, but those in more northerly parts of Sweden and Finland migrate to the North Sea and Baltic coasts. The geese were first introduced in Great Britain in the late 17th century as an addition to King James II’s waterfowl collection in St.

James’s Park. They were introduced in Germany and Scandinavia during the 20th century, starting in Sweden in In Great Britain, they were spread by hunters, but remained uncommon until the midth century. Their population grew from 2, to 4, birds in to an estimated 82, in , as changing agricultural practices and urban growth provided new habitat.

European birds are mostly descended from the nominate subspecies B. Canada geese were introduced as a game bird into New Zealand in They have become a problem in some areas by fouling pastures and damaging crops. They were protected under the Wildlife Act and the population was managed by Fish and Game New Zealand , which culled excessive bird numbers. In , the government removed the protection status, allowing anyone to kill the birds. Like most geese, the Canada goose is naturally migratory with the wintering range being most of the United States.

The calls overhead from large groups of Canada geese flying in a V-shaped formation signal the transitions into spring and autumn. In some areas, migration routes have changed due to changes in habitat and food sources. In mild climates from southwestern British Columbia to California to the Great Lakes , some of the population has become nonmigratory due to adequate winter food supply and a lack of former predators. Males exhibit agonistic behavior both on and off breeding and nesting grounds.

This behavior rarely involves interspecific killing. One documented case involved a male defending his nest from a brant that wandered into the area; the following attack lasted for one hour until the death of the brant.

The cause of death was suffocation or drowning in mud as a direct result of the Canada goose’s pecking the head of the brant into the mud. Researchers attributed it to high hormone levels and the brant’s inability to leave the nesting area. Canada geese are primarily herbivores , [24] although they sometimes eat small insects and fish. The Canada goose eats a variety of grasses when on land. It feeds by grasping a blade of grass with the bill, then tearing it with a jerk of the head.

The Canada goose also eats beans and grains such as wheat , rice , and corn when they are available. In the water, it feeds from aquatic plants by sliding its bill at the bottom of the body of water. It also feeds on aquatic plant-like algae, such as seaweed. In urban areas, it is also known to pick food out of garbage bins. They are also sometimes hand-fed a variety of grains and other foods by humans in parks.

Canada geese prefer lawn grass in urban areas. They usually graze in open areas with wide clearance to avoid potential predators. During the second year of their lives, Canada geese find a mate. They are monogamous , and most couples stay together all of their lives.

If one dies, the other may find a new mate. The female lays from two to nine eggs with an average of five, and both parents protect the nest while the eggs incubate , but the female spends more time at the nest than the male. Its nest is usually located in an elevated area near water such as streams, lakes, ponds, and sometimes on a beaver lodge.

Its eggs are laid in a shallow depression lined with plant material and down. The incubation period, in which the female incubates while the male remains nearby, lasts for 24—32 days after laying. Canada geese can respond to external climatic factors by adjusting their laying date to spring maximum temperatures, which may benefit their nesting success.

As the annual summer molt also takes place during the breeding season, the adults lose their flight feathers for 20—40 days, regaining flight about the same time as their goslings start to fly. As soon as the goslings hatch, they are immediately capable of walking, swimming, and finding their own food a diet similar to the adult geese. Parents are often seen leading their goslings in a line, usually with one adult at the front, and the other at the back. While protecting their goslings, parents often violently chase away nearby creatures, from small blackbirds to lone humans who approach: first giving a warning hiss, and then attacking with bites and slaps of the wings.

Canada geese are especially protective animals, and will sometimes attack any animal nearing their territory or offspring, including humans. The offspring enter the fledgling stage any time from six to nine weeks of age.

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