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[[perhaps naive]] –

 

I appear in a personal capacity representing only my own views. I have been quite critical of Bill C, but that criticism does not stem from doubts about the importance of a robust, diverse news sector. That success is critically important to ensuring an engaged, aware citizenry and holding our democratic institutions to account.

Rather, I have concerns about the method of support. Section 2 2 covers both reproduction of any portion of a news article and facilitating access to news by any means. The first part means that even reproducing a headline or sentence summary is covered, even though that form of use is freely permitted by copyright quotation rights under the Berne Convention. The second part means that linking or indexing to the front page of a news site — not even to an article — is treated as a compensable activity.

If Google or Facebook copied and distributed full articles, I could understand the arguments around compensation. Indeed, those companies have struck deals to pay for exactly that. But when Dr.

Fry posts a link on her Facebook to an MSN. This has a real world impact with government interference blurring the news editorial and business divides. Third, at a time when there are rightly concerns about misinformation and low-quality news sources, Bill C risks increased misinformation. Instead, the definition — which itself is different in the English and French language versions of the bill — could incorporate blog posts, opinion pieces and other content.

Bill C does the opposite. Moreover, the bill creates potential liability for platforms that use algorithms to demote content. To be clear, we need greater algorithmic transparency. But the provision on undue preferences may mean that platforms refrain from demoting low quality journalism for fear of liability. Fourth, the bill is offside several treaty and constitutional obligations.

For example, Section 24, which excludes copyright limitations and exceptions from the bargaining process, may violate Article 10 1 of the Berne Convention, which has a mandatory right of quotation that expressly includes newspaper articles. How then does it fit within federal powers? If the government claims powers over anything involving the Internet then there are no real limits on its jurisdiction.

Musik tradisional mor lam, atau mungkin bahkan suara pop Thailand yang memesona? Meskipun genre-genre tersebut merupakan bagian dari musik Thailand, kami ingin memperkenalkan beberapa band yang mewakili musik indie di Thailand.

Sementara pembaca yang akrab dengan musik indie Thailand mungkin tahu band seperti Yellow Fang atau Desktop Error, kami akan menyelam lebih dalam untuk mengungkap beberapa sorotan yang kurang dikenal dari dunia musik lokal. Tetap setia pada nama tropis mereka, band ini dikenal dengan pertunjukan live yang dipenuhi dengan melodi yang cerah. Dibentuk sekitar tiga tahun lalu, mereka dengan cepat mendapatkan popularitas dan secara teratur muncul di festival musik luar ruangan besar di Thailand.

Perpaduan antara electronic dan live drum memberikan ketukan yang diiringi oleh riff gitar yang meluap dengan getaran tropis, yang semuanya dilengkapi dengan track vokal yang easy-to-hum. Melodi yang cerah tanpa henti dari band ini sangat cocok untuk berjalan-jalan di luar pada hari yang cerah. Dengan album pertama mereka yang dijadwalkan untuk rilis musim panas ini, band ini memiliki rencana untuk tur Jepang di musim gugur dan telah menjadi topik yang cukup hangat di kancah indie Thailand.

Safeplanet harus menjadi band muda Thailand yang paling energik. Alien dan Doi membentuk Safeplanet ketika band mereka sebelumnya bubar.

Band ini segera mendapatkan perhatian dan meskipun lagu-lagu mereka memiliki suara pop, mendengarkan lebih lanjut mengungkapkan rasa main-main yang memisahkan mereka dari musik pop pasar massal. Karena popularitas mereka terus meningkat, band ini dapat didengar di radio dan sering menempati salah satu posisi teratas di tangga lagu.

Salah satu yang menarik dari penampilan live mereka adalah penampilan menarik dari Doi pada drum. Masing-masing dan setiap suaranya memiliki bentuk yang bersih dan khas yang muncul dengan cara yang jelas. Namun meskipun suaranya tidak ringan, lagu-lagunya memiliki tulang punggung yang tepat dan akan membuat Anda bergoyang dalam waktu singkat. Untuk memahami band ini, pastikan untuk menonton beberapa cuplikan dari penampilan langsung mereka.

Band ini memadukan riff gitar gelap dengan garis bass jazzy dan drum cepat untuk menciptakan lagu-lagu aneh yang bergoyang antara ketegangan dan relaksasi. Kekuatan musik cenderung menarik pendengar dan membuat mereka bertanya-tanya ke mana arahnya selanjutnya. Mendengarkan musik band berulang-ulang akan segera membuat Anda jatuh ke dalam pesona mereka.

Moving and Cut — Pop Thailand terkemuka ke masa depan. Meskipun banyak grup mengklaim pop Thailand, Moving and Cut yang berbasis di Bangkok menonjol sebagai salah satu yang akan memimpin genre ini ke masa depan. Musik band yang sedikit melankolis dan lembut dipadukan dengan vokal Thailand yang halus menjadikan lagu ini salah satu yang ingin Anda dengarkan berulang kali.

Dengan tingkat profesionalisme yang membedakan mereka dari grup lain di kancah indie, band ini berbakat hingga lagu-lagu mereka di-cover oleh band besar Thailand, Polycat. Moving and Cut tidak mendaftar untuk label musik, jadi semuanya mulai dari penjualan hingga promosi. Album pertama mereka yang dirilis pada paruh kedua tahun terjual habis dan menjadi barang koleksi.

Band ini sedang mengerjakan lagu-lagu baru dan mungkin butuh waktu sampai album kedua muncul. Rencana sedang dilakukan untuk memperpanjang rilis di luar Thailand dan ke Jepang dan berpotensi lebih jauh. Degaruda Deafening — rock oleh monster musik sejati.

Degaruda adalah band rock memekakkan telinga perdana di Thailand. Mereka memancarkan gelombang post-hardcore awal yang menyengat yang memancarkan dinamisme dan kegembiraan musik rock.

Band ini terdiri dari anggota dari sejumlah band legendaris dalam kancah indie Thailand. Melodi yang agung dan kasar bergema di dalam dirimu; tekanan yang akan datang menciptakan dinding di sekitar Anda; mendebarkan dan mendebarkan. Semangat band dan rasa kegembiraan yang luar biasa selama pertunjukan live mereka sudah cukup untuk memikat setiap orang di tempat tersebut. Band ini merilis album kedua mereka pada bulan Maret dan telah sibuk melakukan tur di seluruh Malaysia, Isan Thailand timur laut dan melakukan pertunjukan langsung di dalam toko.

Sayangnya, musik mereka tidak menarik banyak pendengar di Thailand. Sementara mereka yang menghadiri pertunjukan langsung mereka cenderung menjadi penggemar, band ini saat ini menghadapi tantangan di negara mereka sendiri. Suara Degaruda bergema dengan pengikut hardcore dan post-hardcore, menjadikan mereka band yang harus dikunjungi semua orang.

This is interesting research :. In this paper, we develop a new mechanism for detecting audio deepfakes using techniques from the field of articulatory phonetics. Specifically, we apply fluid dynamics to estimate the arrangement of the human vocal tract during speech generation and show that deepfakes often model impossible or highly-unlikely anatomical arrangements.

When parameterized to achieve From an article by two of the researchers:. The first step in differentiating speech produced by humans from speech generated by deepfakes is understanding how to acoustically model the vocal tract. Luckily scientists have techniques to estimate what someone—or some being such as a dinosaur —would sound like based on anatomical measurements of its vocal tract.

We did the reverse. This allowed us to effectively peer into the anatomy of the speaker who created the audio sample. From here, we hypothesized that deepfake audio samples would fail to be constrained by the same anatomical limitations humans have. In other words, the analysis of deepfaked audio samples simulated vocal tract shapes that do not exist in people. Our testing results not only confirmed our hypothesis but revealed something interesting.

When extracting vocal tract estimations from deepfake audio, we found that the estimations were often comically incorrect. For instance, it was common for deepfake audio to result in vocal tracts with the same relative diameter and consistency as a drinking straw, in contrast to human vocal tracts, which are much wider and more variable in shape.

This is, of course, not the last word. Deepfake generators will figure out how to use these techniques to create harder-to-detect fake voices.

And the deepfake detectors will figure out another, better, detection technique. And the arms race will continue. Slashdot thread. Agile development processes break down the work that needs to be done into a collection of tasks which may be called stories or some other name.

A task, whose implementation time may be measured in hours or a few days, is itself composed of a collection of subtasks which may in turn be composed of subsubtasks, and so on down. When asked to estimate the time needed to implement a task, a developer may settle on a value by adding up estimates of the effort needed to implement the subtasks thought to be involved. If this process is performed in the mind of the developer i. Humans have two cognitive systems for processing quantities, the approximate number system which has been found to be present in the brain of many creatures , and language.

Researchers studying the approximate number system often ask subjects to estimate the number of dots in an image ; I recently discovered studies of number processing that used language.

In a study by Benjamin Scheibehenne , shoppers at the checkout counter in a grocery shop were asked to estimate the total value of the items in their shopping basket; a subset of subjects were also asked to estimate the number of items in their basket this subset were also asked if they used a shopping list.

The actual price and number of items was obtained after checkout. There are broad similarities between shopping basket estimation and estimating task implementation time, e. Does an analysis of the shopping data suggest ideas for patterns that might be present in software task estimate data? The model fitted to estimated number of items in the basket is:.

This pattern, of underestimating small values and overestimating large values is seen in software task estimation, but the exponent of is much smaller. The accuracy of a software task implementation estimate based on estimating its subtasks dependent on identifying all the subtasks, or having a good enough idea of the number of subtasks.

The shopping basket study found a pattern of inaccuracies in estimates of the number of recently collected items, which has been seen before. However, adding to the Shopping model only reduced the unexplained variance by a few percent. Would the impact of adding an estimate of the number of subtasks to models of software task estimates also only be a few percent?

A question to add to the already long list of unknowns. The same study also included a laboratory experiment, where subjects saw a sequence of 24 numbers, presented one at a time for 0.

At the end of the sequence, subjects were asked to type in their best estimate of the sum of the numbers seen other studies asked subjects to type in the mean. Each subject saw 75 sequences, with feedback on the mean accuracy of their responses given after every 10 sequences. The numbers were described as the prices of items in a shopping basket.

The values were drawn from a distribution that was either uniform, positively skewed, negatively skewed, unimodal, or bimodal. The sequential order of values was either increasing, decreasing, U-shaped, or inversely U-shaped.

Back in , we learned that covert system of websites that the CIA used for communications was compromised by —at least—China and Iran, and that the blunder caused a bunch of arrests, imprisonments, and executions.

Citizen Lab did the research :. In addition, blocks of sequential IP addresses registered to apparently fictitious US companies were used to host some of the websites. All of these flaws would have facilitated discovery by hostile parties.

The bulk of the websites that we discovered were active at various periods between and We do not believe that the CIA has recently used this communications infrastructure.

Nevertheless, a subset of the websites are linked to individuals who may be former and possibly still active intelligence community employees or assets:. When I was a kid, I thought a lot about being a spy. And this, right here, was the one thing I worried about.

If my handlers were incompetent, I was dead. Another news article. In graphical applications buffering of output is necessary to avoid flickering – a displeasing effect where mid-drawing artifacts are displayed on the screen.

For example consider the following function:. Here we draw two rectangles one on top of the other. If the red square is visible for a brief period of time before the blue one, then it is called flickering. To avoid this effect a concept of output buffering was invented – only when the output is ready for display, show it on the screen.

With double buffering we draw on the “back” buffer, and when done the back buffer contents are shown on the front buffer. The triple buffering is used when new scenes are produced much faster than the front buffer could be updated. We have “render”, “ready” and “front” buffers. The implicit assumption is that the game loop and the display loop operate in separate threads. If each frame is drawn from scratch like in many games , then it doesn’t matter whether the “swap” operation copies or swaps buffers.

Some applications however treat the canvas incrementally. In this case losing the old content is not acceptable and we must copy data.

Copying data is more expensive than rotating buffers. That said sometimes re-rendering a frame from scratch may outweigh that cost. Incremental rendering resembles drawing on a paper – unless we clear it manually, the old content will be visible. Sometimes we may want to draw directly on the front buffer. This is the most performant when we write each pixel exactly once for example when we render an image.

In this case we are not only expected to synchronize the front buffer with the back buffer, but also the other way around. Otherwise, if we turn the double buffering back on, the back buffer won’t contain the data that was drawn when the output was single-buffered. There are many techniques that makes this more performant. My main goal with this post was to emphasize the difference between the incremental and non-incremental rendering that was usually ommited in materials I’ve found on the Internet.

Computer programming starts with the organization of the data into data structures. In almost all cases, we work with strings or numbers. It is critical to understand these building blocks to become an expert programmer. We often organize data using fixed blocks of memory. When these blocks are relatively small e. For practical reasons, processors expect data to fit in hardware registers having some fixed size usually bit registers. Most modern processors accommodate 8-bit, bit, bit and bit words with fast instructions.

Variable-length data structures like strings might be made of a variable number of words. Historically, strings have been made of lists of bytes, but other alternatives are common e. The simplest type is probably the Boolean type. A Boolean value can take either the false or the true value. Though a single bit suffices to represent a Boolean value, it is common to use a whole byte or more. We can negate a Boolean value: the true value becomes the false value, and conversely.

There are also binary operations:. Integer data types are probably the most widely supported in software and hardware, after the Boolean types. We often represent integers using digits. We often write an integer using the binary notation using the 0b prefix.

After the prefix 0b , we enumerate the bit values, starting with the most significant bit. We may also use the hexadecimal base 16 notation with the 0x prefix: in that case, we use 16 different digits in the list 0, 1, 2, 3, These digits have values 0, 1, 2, 3, For digits represented as letters, we may use either the lower or upper cases.

The hexadecimal notation is convenient when working with binary values: a single digit represents a 4-bit value, two digits represent an 8-bit value, and so forth. To illustrate, let us consider the product between two integers having three digits. In base 10, the smallest product is times is 10,, so it requires 5 digits. The largest product is times or , so 6 digits.

For speed or convenience, we might use a fixed number of digits. Given that we work with binary computers, we are likely to use binary digits. We also need a way to represent the sign of a number negative and positive. Possibly the simplest number type is the unsigned integer where we use a fixed number of bits used to represent non-negative integers. Most processors support arithmetic operations over unsigned integers.

We can operate on binary integers using bitwise logical operations. For example, the bitwise AND between 0b and 0b is 0b The bitwise OR is 0b The powers of two 1, 2, 4, 8,… are the only numbers having a single 1-bit in their binary representation 0b1 , 0b10 , 0b , 0b , etc.

The numbers preceding powers of two 1,3,7,… are the numbers made of consecutive 1-bit in the least significant positions 0b1 , 0b11 , 0b , 0b , etc. A unique characteristic of powers of two is that their bitwise AND with the preceding integer is zero: e.

In the Go programming language, for example, we have 8-bit, bit, bit and bit unsigned integer types: uint8 , uint16 , uint32 , uint They can represent all numbers from 0 up to but not including 2 to the power of 8, 16, 32 and For example, an 8-bit unsigned integer can represent all integers from 0 up to inclusively. Because we choose to use a fixed number of bits, we therefore can only represent a range of integers.

The result of an arithmetic operation may exceed the range an overflow. For example, plus 2 is though both inputs and 2 can be represented using 8-bit unsigned integers, the result exceeds the range. Regarding multiplications, the product of two 8-bit unsigned integers is at most which can be represented by a bit unsigned integer. It is always the case that the product of two n -bit integers can be represented using 2n bits.

The converse is untrue: a given 2n -bit integer is not the product of two n -bit integers. That is, everything is as if we did the computation using infinite-precision integers and then we only kept the positive remainder of the division by the power of two. Let us elaborate. The integer r is the remainder and the integer d is the quotient.

We can check uniqueness. We can check that if d’ is equal to d , then we must have that r’ is equal to r , and conversely, if r’ is equal to r , then d’ is equal to d. Suppose that r’ is greater than r if not, just reverse the argument. We must have that r’-r is in [0,b. A similar argument works when d’-d is positive. In our case, the divisor b is a power of two. When the numerator a is positive, then the remainder amounts to a selection of the least significant bits.

For example, the remainder of the division of 65 or 0b with 64 is 1. When considering unsigned arithmetic, it often helps to think that we keep only the least significant bits 8, 16, 32 or 64 of the final result. Thus if we take and we add 2, we get , but as an 8-bit unsigned integer, we get the number 1. The power of two itself is zero: is equal to zero as an uint8 integer.

Another way to think of negative numbers is that we can add the power of two say as many times as needed size its value is effectively zero until we get a value that is between 0 and the power of two.

We have that , as an 8-bit number, is or 0b As bit integers, they are mapped to 0, , Multiplication by a power of two is equivalent to shifting the bits left, possibly losing the leftmost bits. For example, 17 is 0b Multiplying it by 4, we get 0b or If we were to multiply 17 by 4, we would get 0b or, as an 8-bit integer, 0b The product of two non-zero integers may be zero.

It happens only when both integers are divisible by two. The product of two odd integers must always be odd. Odd integers are coprime with powers of two. Even integers are never coprime with a power of two. When multiplying a non-zero integer by an odd integer using finite-bit arithmetic, we never get zero. Thus we have that the following Go code will print out all values from 0 to , without repetition:. If you consider powers of an odd integer, you similarly never get a zero result.

However, you may eventually get the power to be one. For example, as an 8-bit unsigned integer, 3 to the power of 64 is 1. Since this is the smallest exponent so that the result is one, we have that all 63 preceding powers give distinct results. We can show this result as follows.

And if both p and q are smaller than 64, then so must b p-q , a contradiction. Further, we can check that the powers of an odd integer repeat after the order is reached: we have that 3 to the power 64 is 1, 3 to the power of 65 is 3, 3 to the power of 66 is 9, and so forth. It follows that the order of any odd integer must divide the power of two e.

How large can the order of an odd integer be? We can check that all powers of an odd integer must be odd integers and there are only distinct 8-bit integers.

Thus the order of an 8-bit odd integer can be at most Because the values of the power of an odd integer repeat cyclicly after the order is reached, we have that the order of any odd integer must divide for 8-bit unsigned integers.

Generally, irrespective of the width in bits of the words, the order of an odd integer must be a power of two. Typically, one of the most expensive operations a computer can do with two integers is to divide them. A division can require several times more cycles than a multiplication, and a multiplication is in turn often many times more expensive than a simple addition or subtraction.

However, the division by a power of two and the multiplication by a power of two are inexpensive: we can compute the integer quotient of the division of an unsigned integer by shifting the bits right.

For example, the integer 7 0b divided by 2 is 0b or 3. We can further divide 7 0b by 4 to get 0b or 1. The integer remainder is given by selecting the bits that would be shifted out: the remainder of 7 divided by 4 is 7 AND 0b11 or 0b The remainder of the division by two is just the least significant bit.

Even integers are characterized by having zero as the least significant bit. Similarly, the multiplication by a power of two is just a left shift: the integer 7 0b multiplied by two is 14 0b More generally, an optimizing compiler may produce efficient code for the computation of the remainder and quotient when the divisor is fixed.

Typically, it involves at least a multiplication and a shift. We have that every odd integer has a multiplicative inverse because multiplication by an integer creates a permutation of all integers. That is, we start with a guess and from the guess, we get a better one, and so forth, until we naturally converge to the right value.

If the power of two is say 8, then it tells you that y is the multiplicative inverse over the first three bits. We can see from this result that if y is the multiplicative inverse over the first n bits, then f y is the multiplicative inverse over 2n bits. We double the precision each time we call the recurrence formula.

It means that we can quickly converge on the inverse. What should our initial guess for y be? If we use 3-bit words, then every number is its inverse. The following Go program verifies the claim:.

Starting from 5 bits, the first call to the recurrence formula gives 10 bits, then 20 bits for the second call, then 40 bits, then 80 bits. So, we need to call our recurrence formula 2 times for bit values, 3 times for bit values and 4 times for bit values. The function FindInverse64 computes the bit multiplicative inverse of an odd integer:. Importantly, it fails if the provided integer is even.

We can use multiplicative inverses to replace the division by an odd integer with a multiplication. That is, if you precompute FindInverse64 3 , then you can compute the division by three for any multiple of three by computing the product: e. When we store multi-byte values such as unsigned integers in arrays of bytes, we may use one of two conventions: little- and big-endian. The little- and big-endian variants only differ by the byte order: we either start with the least significant bytes little endian or by the most significant bytes big endian.

Let us consider the integer An an hexadecimal value, it is 0x If we store it as two bytes, we may either store it as the byte value 0x30 followed by the byte value 0x39 big endian , or by the reverse 0x39 followed by 0x Most modern systems default on the little-endian convention, and there are relatively few big-endian systems.

In practice, we rarely have to be concerned with the endianness of our system. Given unsigned integers, how do we add support for signed integers? At first glance, it is tempting to reserve a bit for the sign. Thus if we have 32 bits, we might use one bit to indicate whether the value is positive or negative, and then we can use 31 bits to store the absolute value of the integer.

Though this sign-bit approach is workable, it has downsides. To simplify the exposition, we consider 8-bit integers. We represent all positive integers up to half the range for 8-bit words in the same manner, whether using signed or unsigned integers. Only when the most significant bit is set, do we differ: for the signed integers, it is as if the unsigned value derived from all but the most significant bit is subtracted by half the range For example, as an 8-bit signed value, 0b is Indeed, ignoring the most significant bit, we have 0b or , and subtracting , we get Conveniently, whether we compute the multiplication, the addition or the subtraction between two values, the result is the same in binary whether we interpret the bits as a signed or unsigned value.

Thus we can use the same hardware circuits. Indeed, the number cannot be represented using 8-bit signed integers.

This asymmetry is unavoidable because we have three types of numbers: zero, negative values and positive values. Yet we have an even number of binary values. Like with unsigned integers, we can shift right and left signed integers. The left shift works like for unsigned integers at the bit level. For unsigned integers, we shift in zeroes from the left; for signed integers, we either shift in zeroes if the integer is positive or zero or ones if the integer and negatives.

We illustrate this behaviour with an example:. However, when the integer is negative, it is only true when the negative integer is divisible by the power of two.

When the negative integer is not divisible by the power of two, then the shift is smaller by one than the division, as illustrated by the following code:. A signed bit is added so that both a positive and negative zero are available. Most systems today follow the IEEE standard which means that you can get consistent results across programming languages and operating systems.

In Go, a float64 number can represent all decimal numbers made of a digit significand from approximately The reverse is not true: it is not sufficient to have 15 digits of precision to distinguish any two floating-point numbers: we may need up to 17 digits. The float32 type is similar. The float32 type can represent exactly all decimal numbers made of a 6-digit decimal significand but 9 digits are needed in general to identify uniquely a number.

Floating-point numbers also include the positive and negative infinity, as well as a special not-a-number value. They are identified by a reserved exponent value. Numbers are typically serialized as decimal numbers in strings and then parsed back by the receiver. However, it is generally impossible to convert decimal numbers into binary floating-point numbers: the number 0.

If the initial number was a float64 for example , you should expect the exact value to be preserved: it will work as expected in Go. Each character is a byte, with the most significant bit set to zero. It is often sufficient for simple tasks like programming. Unfortunately, the ASCII standard could only ever represent up to characters: far less than needed. Many diverging standards emerged for representing characters in software.

The existence of multiple incompatible formats made the production of interoperable localized software challenging. Engineers developed Unicode in the late s as an attempt to provide a universal standard. Initially, it was believed that using 16 bits per character would be sufficient, but this belief was wrong. The Unicode standard was extended to include up to 1,, characters. Only a small fraction of all possible characters have been assigned, but more are assigned over time with each Unicode revision.

Due to the original expectation that Unicode would fit in bit space, a format based on bit words UTF format was published in It may use either bit or bit per character. The UTF format was adopted by programming languages such as Java, and became a default under Windows.

The UTF-8 format is more expensive to validate. The UTF format can represent all characters, except for the supplemental characters such as emojis, using two bytes. The UTF-8 format uses two bytes for Latin, Hebrew and Arabic alphabets, three bytes for Asiatic characters and 4 bytes for the supplemental characters.

UTF-8 encodes values in sequences of one to four bytes. We refer to the first byte of a sequence as a leading byte; the most significant bits of the leading byte indicates the length of the sequence:. Characters in the range 0x to 0x10FFFF require two bit words called a surrogate pair.

The first word in the pair is in the range 0xd to 0xdbff whereas the second word is in the range from 0xdc00 to 0xdfff.

The character value is made of the 10 least significant bits of the two words, using the second word as least significant, and adding 0x to the result. There are two types of UTF format. In the little-endian variant, each bit word is stored using the least significant bits in the first byte. The reverse is true in the big-endian variant. For UTF, it is possible if we assume that there are no supplemental characters, but since some characters might require 4 bytes while other 2 bytes, it is not possible to go directly to a character by its index without accessing the previous content.

The UTF-8 is similarly not randomly accessible in general. Software often depends on the chosen locale: e. Sorting strings is locale-dependent. It is not generally possible to sort strings without knowing the locale. I remember back when Gabriel’s most tender realms tried to manifest themselves here, in The World.

I didn’t see him for a while. I do often think about the first part there, where his shit was trying to get out, but he didn’t know what was happening. That seems quite unpleasant. And this was immediately after having the flu, then having food poisoning. My own form, lumpen and greased with sebum though it may be, doesn’t do that. It punched in like forty years ago and just does its business.

My suspicion is that all the bills – for my wickedness, for my sloth, and for an pronounced “Wastrel Era” – will all just come due at once. Thinnings are a weaker form of renamings, which we use in well-scoped or well-typed implementations of programming languages. There is one well known and used implementation implementation for them. It’s simple to use and write proofs about. However it’s not super great. Especially it’s not great in Haskell, as it cannot be given Category instance.

Though you almost never need thinnings in Haskell, so the reason is a bit moot. I’ll show two other implementations, and show that they are equivalent, using Cubical Agda to state the equivalences. Before we dive in, Agda module prologue:. I will show only a well-scoped thinnings. So the context are simply natural numbers. As there are plenty of them, let us define few common variables.

Note how it pattern matches on the size of the context. That what makes it impossible to defined Category instance in Haskell. As mentioned in previous section the orthodox thinning is not very efficient. For example when implementing normalization by evaluation NbE we run into problems.

There we need identity thinning when evaluating every application, so we will pay a price proportional to the size of the current context! However then thinnings won’t have unique representation anymore and proofs become more inconvenient to write. We can make a special case for identity thinning without sacrificing unique representation for the cost of slightly more complicated definition. We just need to consider identity thinning and non-identity ones separately.

We can implement most operations without much problems. We can construct an isomorphism between them to answer that question positively. It is not enough to define conversion functions we also need to show that they cancel out. Luckily this is not difficult, we need few auxiliary homomorphism lemmas.

Even the types are the same, are the operations we defined on them the same? We still need to show that the operations give the same results.

Using the above fact, we can show that and are pointwise equal. The proof looks complicated, but is pretty straightforward in the end. Cubical Agda also supports higher inductive types HITs , i. We can formalize Andras better performing thinning as a HIT, by throwing in an additional equality.

Agda will then ensure that we always respect it. The goals may be obfuscated, but relatively easy to fill. We can try to prove that the HIT variant is the same as orthodox one. The conversion functions are extremely simple, because the data-type is almost the same:.

Converting orthodox representation to HIT and back doesn’t change the thinning. The proof is straightforward structural induction. This is considerably more challenging. Luckily if you squint enough and are familiar with cubical library , you notice the pattern:. In general, proving the equalities about equalities in Cubical Agda, i. And we can show that this thinning identity and composition behave as the orthodox one.

The identity homomorphism we have already proven, composition is trivial as the HIT structure resembles the structure orthodox thinning:. We have seen three definitions of thinnings. Orthodox one, one with identity constructor yet unique representation and variant using additional equality. Using Cubical Agda we verified that these three definitions are equal, and their identity and composition behave the same.

GHC won’t point you if you wrote something inconsistent. Let us prove that these definitions are compatible. At the end we have three variants of thinnings with identity and composition, and which act on variables the same way.

Now, if we prove properties of these operations, e. Last week I went over some of the basic principles of a good IDE setup. Now in this article and the next, we’re going to do this for Haskell in a couple different environments.

A vital component of almost any Haskell setup at least the two we’ll look at is getting Haskell Language Server running and being able to switch your global GHC version. We covered all that in the last article with GHCup.

In this article we’ll look at creating a Haskell environment in Vim. We’ll cover how Vim allows us to perform all the basic actions we want, and then we’ll add some of the extra Haskell features we can get from using HLS in conjunction with a plugin. One thing I want to say up front, because I know how frustrating it can be to try repeating something from an article and have it not work: this is not an exhaustive tutorial for installing Haskell in Vim.

I plan to do a video on that later. There might be extra installation details I’m forgetting in this article, and I’ve only tried this on Windows Subsystem for Linux. So hopefully in the future I’ll have time to try this out on more systems and have a more detailed look at the requirements.

But, for now, let’s start checking off the various boxes from last week’s list. We had an original list of 7 items for basic functionality. Here are five of them:. Now Vim is a textual editor, meant to be run from a command prompt or terminal. Thus you can’t really use the mouse at all in Vim!

This is disorienting at first, but it means that all of these actions we have to take must have keyboard commands. Once you learn all these, your coding will get much faster! To open a new file in a tab, we would use :tabnew followed by the file name and we can use autocomplete to get the right file. We can then flip between tabs with the commands :tabn tab-next and :tabp tab-previous.

To see multiple files at the same time, we can use the :split command, followed by the file name. This gives a horizontal split.

My preference is for a vertical split, which is achieved with :vs and the file name. Finally, we can open a terminal using the :term command. By default, this puts the terminal at the bottom of the screen:.

And of course, obviously, Vim has “Vim movement” keys so you can move around the file very quickly! Now the two other items on the list are related to having a sidebar, another useful base feature in your IDE. We saw above that it’s possible to open new files. But on larger projects, you can’t keep the whole project tree in your head, so you’ll probably need a graphical reference to help you.

Vim doesn’t support such a layout natively. But with Vim and pretty much every editor , there is a rich ecosystem of plugins and extensions to help improve the experience.

In fact, with Vim, there are multiple ways of installing plugins. The one I ended up deciding on is Vim Plug. I used it to install a Plugin called NerdTree , which gives a nice sidebar view where I can scroll around and open files.

In general, to make a modification to your Vim settings, you modify a file in your home directory called. Another key factor with IDEs is being able to remap commands for your own convenience.

I found some of Vim’s default commands a bit cumbersome. For example, switching tabs is a common enough task that I wanted to make it really fast. I wanted to do the same with opening the terminal, while also doing so with a vertical split instead of the default horizontal split.

Finally, I wanted a shorter command to open the NerdTree sidebar. Now the last and possibly most important aspect of setting up the IDE is to get the language-specific features working. Let’s see how to apply this with Vim. First, we need another Vim plugin to work with the language server. This plugin is called “CoC”, and we can install it by including this line in our. Vimrc in the plugins section:. After installing the plugin re-open.

To do this, we have to use the :CocConfig command within Vim, and then add the following lines to the file:. So, as an example, we can examine the stack. And now we just open our project file and we can start seeing Haskell tips! Here’s an example showing a compilation error:. Note that in order for this to work, you must open your file from the project root where the. Otherwise HLS will not work correctly!

That’s all for our Haskell Vim setup! Even though this isn’t a full tutorial, hopefully this gives you enough ideas that you can experiment with Haskell in Vim for yourself!

Next time, we’ll look at getting Haskell working in Visual Studio! If you want to keep up to date with all the latest on Monday Morning Haskell, make sure to subscribe to our mailing list! This will also give you access to our subscriber resources , including beginner friendly resources like our Beginners Checklist! But this week those hearings attracted attention for another reason: serious charges of witness intimidation and bullying by government MPs, most notably Canadian Heritage Parliamentary Secretary Chris Bittle yes, the same Bittle who last month suggested I was a racist and a bully for raising concerns about Minister Pablo Rodriguez silence over Canadian Heritage funding of an anti-semite as part of its anti-hate program.

The Globe and Mail reported late on Tuesday night that Bittle — together with his colleague, Liberal MP Lisa Hepfner — had sent a letter to the Lobbying Commissioner to seek an investigation into the funding of Digital First Canada, a group representing digital first creators. Leaving aside the fact that government MPs reserve these kinds of questions only for critics of Bill C there were no similar questions this week from Ms. Hepfner to the Director of Digital Content Next , whose organization supports Bill C and counts Fox News among its members , the timing of Globe story was incredibly troubling.

The Lobbyist Commissioner letter was apparently filed nearly two months ago and Benzie had been assured that he was compliant with the law. The letter and leak smacked of witness intimidation and bullying with the government seeking to undermine critics of the legislation hours before a Senate appearance. Indeed, the entire tactic felt like the policy equivalent of a SLAPP suit , which are used to intimidate and silence critics through litigation. By the end of the day, the tactic had clearly backfired on Bittle and the government.

I rise on a question of privilege, for which I gave notice earlier this same day, regarding the conduct of the member for St. Catharines , who attempted to intimidate Scott Benzie, a witness appearing before a committee of the Senate studying Bill C , an act to amend the Broadcasting Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other acts, as reported yesterday by the Globe and Mail.

While I appreciate that this attempt to intimidate relates to proceedings of a Senate committee currently studying Bill C , the culprit in this case is a member of the House, and that same witness appeared before the House of Commons Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage during its deliberations on Bill C , an appearance where Mr. Benzie, no doubt, first established himself as an undesirable witness for the government on the merits of Bill C The government response was surprisingly muted with MP Mark Gerretsen simply asking for a couple of days to formulate a response, perhaps recognizing that defending Bittle would mean defending the indefensible.

There were no attempts to defend Bittle at the committee. Indeed, the only real question now is whether there will be any consequences for the witness intimidation and bullying which as noted comes on top of previous claims of racism and bullying. For the government to give this a pass would rightly be regarded by many as failing to take a stand against the very conduct it claims to want to address. If so, it culminates a remarkable first year as Heritage Minister for Rodriguez, who has managed to:.

Now add to that presiding over a Parliamentary Secretary accused of engaging in witness intimidation. It is an astonishing and embarrassing record that desperately requires a reset. As the Senate hearing has demonstrated, these issues need not be overly partisan. Rather, the concerns of all Canadians should be viewed as important, not something to be ignored or bullied. Six figure fines for providing repair information to the wrong person?

It’s Right to Repair, Australian style! Between and July , an Australian could go to the Hyundai Global Service Way website and register as an “independent repairer”. At Tweag, any employee can pitch proposals for internal projects. This is how we got content-addressed derivations in Nix, the formal verification tool Pirouette , or a yearly book budget to support continuous learning.

This is a comprehensive report on what happened since and what I learned from it. The report in full detail will mostly be interesting for active contributors or those inclined to contributing to the Nix ecosystem.

It may also be interesting for people who are working or want to work on a software project that is in a similar situation as Nix. While reviewing his pull request together, we quickly agreed that I should take the editorial lead. I learned a lot about Nix internals during our review sessions we had over multiple weeks, trying to sort out the facts and to present them in a consistent, readable manner.

We can do it effectively or clumsily, depending on the mental tools we employ. This led to my blog post Taming Unix with functional programming , which illustrates how we can think about building and deploying software in terms of programming language theory.

This discrepancy between contents and presentation in the Nix ecosystem always struck me as painful… and unnecessary. During this time the desire to extend the scope of improving Nix documentation and learning material culminated in an internal pitch to compile and write what I would boldly but tentatively call The Nix Book.

The pitch had a fairly broad mission statement 2 :. Success of the project hinged on the extent to which existing material already served its purpose, and whether attempts to improve it would be fruitful. Taming Unix with functional programming. The article took a while to fully develop, but the result turned out to be highly successful with over 13, readers making it the most viewed Tweag blog post so far and a day on the Hacker News front page.

Detailed Nix community survey results. I needed more information than available in the original report, so I reached out to the Nix marketing team to get my hands on the raw data. From there, I compiled graphs for all quantitative questions. This is a significant improvement over anecdata and intuition and can be used to more confidently reason through strategic decisions, such as prioritizing Nix over NixOS for onboarding.

Nix documentation team. Multiple discussions led to a conclusion that a team should be formed to serve as a sounding board for the effort. Most importantly, the team provides a widely visible point of contact for potential contributors.

Led by Matthias MMesch , we organized a part of the Summer of Nix program dedicated to improving documentation. In addition, we drafted a line-up of presentations , one of which was also on Nix documentation. How to contribute to documentation. Identified as the highest-value objective by Rok garbas , based on a comprehensive comparison of existing Nix language tutorials , and already partially validated by testing it with beginners, it should hopefully become the centerpiece of future efforts to learn and teach Nix.

As originally envisioned and agreed upon by the Nix documentation team , work should continue based on nix. Contrary to what was originally envisioned it should happen in a strictly incremental fashion, slowly migrating material towards more curated resources and as close to the source code as possible. Some of the following insights appear almost trivial in retrospect.

Therefore, what follows is an attempt to share experience, and, based on that experience, proposals to deal with the above dilemma. Following best practices, the pitch contained abort criteria to avoid the sunk-cost fallacy :. While the Summer of Nix proposal was accepted 1 and user testing showed desperate need for improvements 3 , it was not clear how many Summer of Nix participants would actually want to focus on documentation 2 until the end of July when the program had started.

We estimated that of 20 participants, multiple would contribute to documentation in one way or another. It later turned out that only one would work on documentation specifically, and a few others would decide to write a blog post about their ongoing work. At this point it was already quite evident that a more incremental approach would be inevitable.

Both the evidence 4 and envisioned scope for the book 5 were unambiguous in that there was an order-of-magnitude divide between the possible and the desired. Cutting scope occurred naturally: from now on, the focus would be on just the part up to teaching the Nix language. Note that I originally estimated the project to take six months, not three or four.

While the changed schedule partially invalidated the relation between estimate and objectives, the time constraints forced me to keep even stricter focus on priorities. At the same time, clearly not being able to deliver on the vision due to the problem size removed most pressure with regard to producing specific artifacts and, thus, any temptation to cut corners.

Getting key people on board helped to build commitment and momentum as well as weed out bad ideas through critical discussion.

It also meant that actual changes have to go through at least partial consensus, which requires each of those changes to be fairly small. Providing a central point of contact, naming directly responsible individuals, contacting potential contributors immediately, and actively setting examples appears to have resulted in a modest but noticeable increase of attention towards documentation issues, as well as many small and multiple significant pull requests. Immediately starting with user studies quickly helped pinpoint concrete user needs and some obvious issues, and either validated or debunked some preconceptions that at least as far as I perceived had been discussed mostly based on intuition and oral history.

It will still take more time to sort through them again and match the notes to GitHub issues and pull requests. This is to help 1 maintainers to keep track of what can be done and 2 whoever consults the session notes to keep up with what has already been resolved. These studies should continue if possible: at the least, to validate new material as for example with the new Nix language tutorial and measure the reduction in onboarding time after improvements have been implemented.

Publishing regular updates such as meeting notes, participating in ongoing discussions, and linking to relevant posts, issues, and pull requests seem to have increased awareness of the trajectory of the Nix ecosystem and of what Tweag is doing. All feedback from within the community so far has been positive. Beginners and regular users found the changes in organization and the specific documentation work we got done helpful. Expert users and contributors are vocally happy about the efforts.

At least those who I did not annoy by nagging too much about phrasing and terminology. Note: there are also outside voices on the internet who doubt that this or any effort will lead to a significant improvement in terms of user experience. Presenting high-level summaries and diagrams at the very beginning of introducing people to various topics was perceived as very helpful, both in the usability tests as well as in multiple informal interactions.

People know people who died. Not all families have been affected severely by Covid, but most will know one that has. We are likely entering a period of increased empathy: even after accounting for desensitization after prolongued exposure to the same stress, the suffering of others is top of mind for many. Thirdly, it is a time of tired giants and emerging movements. Democracies are faltering, I believe, not due to any faults in the entelechia, but because of our clumsy or just outdated implementations.

Nation-states are not set up to remain evolutionarily fit when paradigm shifts take place, and I believe a paradigm shift is needed because lives are at stake: the cost of governance mistakes or even inefficiencies in a time of pandemic is death and suffering. Now, for my proposal: I will tell you what I think might happen in the next ten years.

Then you can tell me what you think, and why you think something else might happen. Then we’ll try to learn from each other. I believe the way we will solve many of the issues we’re facing as we near the end of is to solve [[ coordination problems ]] , at large scale, while [[ expanding the circle ]]. I don’t think the system of nation states we have deposited the bulk of our power on in the last few centuries are fit for that purpose.

 

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Nvidia in the Valley. The Lobbyist Commissioner letter was apparently filed nearly two months ago and Benzie had been assured that he was compliant with the law. Open Source Tractor. I want an iPhone Mini-sized Android phone. PhD gets 5x increase in postdoc interview invitations by just changing his name. I Am Deleting the Blog.

 
 

vscodium vs vscode-neovim – compare differences and reviews? | LibHunt.[[me]] –

 
 

Most would be better dumping their cash into a comatose GIC. Or the market freezes. Realtor Audis get returned en masse. Four hundred real estate agents, not the current 40,, are able handle monthly sales. Children grow up dreaming of world peace and climate justice instead of a condo in Etobicoke. Life as we know it ends.

Okay… here we go again… I think both Marco and I had pretty busy summers because this blind tasting was more of an afterthought. I reached out to him this time and we hastily arranged to send out some samples… that was about a month ago.

I had really enjoyed the previous and blind sample sets he sent in past years. It has been a real learning experience besides being super fun.

For this I am very thankful. This year I sent him some teas that have been in my regular rotation over the last year. I went through his samples a few weeks ago and they were a lot of fun… please join us in these posts over the next days and weeks…. Hovertext: I still kinda want this. Imagine being motivated by the possibility of disappointing an entire options market.

The legendary anonymous street artist known as Blu has spent his career critiquing the ills of capitalism, the carceral system, and the destruction of the environment, among myriad other problems afflicting the world today. One of his most recent projects brought him back to Sensemurs Valencia to paint a charged mural protesting the expansion of the port in the Spanish city. Similar to some of his earlier projects , this piece is designed as a sequence that when photographed and stitched together, creates an animation.

Yellow shipping containers morph into armored guards, who are swiftly pummeled and destroyed as nature resurges from the ground. These sound-studies highlights of the week originally appeared in the October 4, , issue of the free Disquiet. The findings reveal substantial similarities in the brain circuitry behind hearing and executing these two major acoustic activities in birds, meaning that they may be modifications of a shared evolutionary template.

They hammer against trees to make specific sound patterns that communicate territorial information with other woodpeckers. Turns out, the pecking was itself the song all along. Weirder still, someone says the same thing happened to them back in July, also on an American Airlines flight.

One dome houses the image sensor, and the other houses the flash. Full disclosure: I read the transcript. I have no idea how people have enough time in their lives to listen to podcasts. More power to them. Press 1 for more information. Press 2 to donate to the cause. An ex-NSA employee has been charged with trying to sell classified data to the Russians but instead actually talking to an undercover FBI agent.

The employee only worked for the NSA for three weeks—which is weird in itself. Still, hooray for not leaking NSA secrets to the Russians. And, almost ten years after Snowden, do we still have this much trouble vetting people before giving them security clearances? Dalke, who had already left the N. Situated in urban settings with a distinctly retro flair, the works nestle vintage cameras among architecture and infrastructural elements.

Oversized lenses, knobs, and levers echo the shapes of windows and doorways with branding imitating signs for shops and restaurants. Privacy concerns aside, the paintings also speak to the increased prevalence of photographs and the ability to document and share even the most mundane moments on social media.

In addition to the cameras that feature heavily in Surveillance , the Toronto-based artist has placed other technologies like cassette tapes and stereos among his street-side scenes. See some of those works below, and find more on Instagram. Children: news. Philharmonic: nytimes. Vinyl: washingtonpost.

Harnessing the captivating power of pattern and mathematic principles, Parth Kothekar cuts meticulously deceptive works from single sheets of paper. The trippy pieces are inspired by the iconic optical illusions of M. Escher and utilize variances in depth and scale to create scenarios that appear three-dimensional.

The Ahmedabad, India-based artist also sells some of his more nature-based papercuts on Etsy. The market rally continued. The biggest bounce since the BeforeTimes.

Hope you were invested. Higher interest rates, engineered by the CBs, are killing houses. On purpose. In short, monetary policy is working. Last September 3, transactions took place, while last month that fell to just 1, One of the worst Septembers on record.

Sellers unwilling to chop their ask are seeing homes sit idle and ignored. Inventory is building. In Victoria sales have also cratered.

Last month a scant pieces of property sold in the whole region, the second-lowest number in the last 20 years and just 15 units above the all-time bottom. Look for a plop in sales… the formal death of the once-strong autumn market… and more bleating by realtors that we need to end the mortgage stress test and build oodles more houses.

Canadians have rarely been so pessimistic about the economy since the index was launched in Half of Canadians expect the economy will weaken over the next few months, with only 14 per cent anticipating a stronger economy. The slide has almost fully erased a mini-rebound in sentiment in August and suggests households are buckling under the weight of rising consumer prices, higher borrowing costs, a housing correction, plunging stock markets and growing talk of recession.

Many of the key indicators the bankers were watching are on the dip. Wholesale prices. Used car values. Real estate valuations. Factory activity. Energy prices. And the biggie — consumer sentiment. This suggests inflation numbers may soon follow. Hence, a good reason why investors have been doing more buying than selling this week. The betting is that the Fed and others will temper future rate hikes, keep them smaller and pause sooner.

Even the United Nations has been lobbying for this, warning of global consequences if the basis points keep piling on. The market looked at the real numbers around Inflation.

House transactions are way down. Prices are off. Inventory is the highest in several years. In Toronto, we are told that some condo developers are returning the deposits. Not because of lack of demand. The supply of new cars has surged. The highest lot inventory in a year and a half. Shipping rates around the world are collapsing. Port congestion is easing up. The CVD demand has passed. We are going back to trend. Reverting to the mean… Things are cooling off so quickly that the FED playbook will have to change.

Hovertext: You can actually invent totally new trig functions just by doing literally anything to a trig function and then giving it and its reciprocal new names. More than 3, species of snakes can be found on our planet, slithering through vastly different ecosystems and exhibiting an extraordinary range of colors, patterns, and sizes.

Regarded in myth as guardians of the underworld, cunning spirits, or wielders of magic, they have long been dreaded, revered, and eyed with suspicion by cultures around the globe. German photographer Ben Simon Rehn , who is interested in drawing connections between humans and nature, kindles empathy in a series of expressive serpent portraits.

While Rehn has previously trekked to destinations around the world to capture landscapes and wildlife, these images were taken at a snake refuge close to his home in the Harz Mountains. Capturing the often misunderstood creatures in a range of vivid hues, supple textures, and intense gazes proved a bit of a challenge, as even in captivity, the creatures could be elusive. You can explore more work by Rehn on his website and Instagram.

Full text is in the print and paywall online edition. Mero, shared with permission. An explosive mushroom cloud, an absurdly large bike lock, and a lobster served up from a pothole are a few of the installations from artist S. Mero that relay both the irony and irreverence of modern life.

Working across Downtown Los Angeles for the last decade, the artist transforms infrastructure into temporary sites of critique and play. Many pieces utilize crumbling streets or areas the city has yet to fix as the base.

In creating a miniature streetside swimming pool, for example, Mero left the soy sauce packet, cigarette butts, needle caps, leaves, and other debris found in the exposed manhole before she covered the cavern with plexiglass. Those objects are now frozen under the clear material and surrounded by lounge chairs and a diving board fit for Barbies and Kens. Directly speaking to the rampant voter suppression of the elections, the blue post office box stands atop legs that are unreasonably tall, making it impossible to drop a ballot.

Currently, Mero is working on a sculpture that will be included in the next show at Shit Art Club opening later this month. The blog series on why Bill C, the Online News Act, is a bad solution to a real problem continues with the first of several posts on the eligibility rules, starting with the decision to make the CBC eligible for the system that could lead to mandated payments. The inclusion of the public broadcaster should be opposed by its critics and supporters since it harms both competition and the public interest role of the public broadcaster.

In doing so, public broadcasters also qualify for the system. The government appears to acknowledge that this could create some problems, leading to the possibility of further regulations specifically targeting public broadcasters that become eligible news businesses under the law. Section 28 states:. The designation of a public broadcaster as an eligible news business is subject to any other conditions specified in regulations made by the Governor in Council. At the moment, there are no conditions or regulations that have been made publicly available.

Instead — much like so many other issues in both Bill C and C — the details have been left until after the bill receives royal assent. This means MPs and Senators are again asked to vote on a bill without knowing the full implications or regulatory plans.

Yet even without the details, it is readily apparent that the inclusion of the CBC is a problem. For critics of the CBC, Bill C will further distort the market by harming private sector news organizations.

The private sector has been urging the CBC to exit the online advertising business for years, arguing that the robust online CBC presence diverts much needed ad dollars from the private sector.

Handing over new digital payments to the CBC from the anticipated pool of Google and Facebook money is likely to decrease the amount available to everyone else. In other words, the pot of money from a settlement or through arbitration is likely to reflect the size and value of the market. If CBC receives a share, that means less money for the private sector, who suffer revenue losses due to the public broadcaster from both digital advertising revenues and from the Bill C system. The Liberal platform seemed to acknowledge the concern by committing to:.

Yet is there any real difference between shifting from reliance on private advertising to reliance on private funding from Internet advertising companies? It is a distinction without a difference since both distort the market for private sector news organizations.

Further, the competitive impact is even worse in smaller, local communities. Those communities have seen a plethora of new, digital-first news organizations. In many of those communities, the CBC is the primary competitor. It is hard enough for digital start-ups to compete with a public broadcaster, but to compete against the public broadcaster flush with money from Google and Facebook may make the challenge even more difficult.

As a result, making CBC eligible may force the closure of new, innovative digital news companies. For those who survive, they will have no choice but to enter into the Bill C system, even if they would prefer to oppose it. Bill C is equally bad for supporters of the CBC, who envision the public broadcaster as fulfilling an essential mandate by ensuring public access to Canadian content, particularly reliable news.

It is this mandate that is used to justify spending billions of dollars on the CBC. For example, the Broadcasting and Telecommunications Legislative Review panel said the following with respect to CBC news and paywalls :.

Nowhere will the role of a well-resourced public media provider be more important than in the area of news and information content. As discussed earlier, the media landscape for news and information is being transformed radically, with significant pressure on the preservation of reliable news sources at the local, regional, national, and international level.

Trustworthy news lies at the heart of a fully functioning democracy. It is also critical that Canadians are able to see and hear a Canadian perspective on international events. A profound understanding of what is going on in other parts of the world has never been more important. These laudable goals are effectively being advanced by Internet platforms that enable the sharing and distribution of the news.

Far from seeking to penalize or require payments for this form of sharing, mechanisms that enhance Canadians access to relevant and reliable information should be encouraged. Fulfilling that public mandate and justifying supporters view that a public broadcaster is worth supporting depends upon making the content as openly accessible as possible.

Bill C sends the opposite signal, raising the question of why the government would simultaneously claim to support expanded ad-free access to news from the public broadcaster but also back measures that would mandate payment for platforms that enhance that same access.

Less impressive with Andreas Gursky than with Basquiat — but still kinda cool. It was epic at times. Investors woke up on Monday and concluded the market was oversold, irrationally abused and in need of a come-to-Jesus moment. So they gave. In short, the bears may be exhausted. The flight to safety was too fast, too intense. Great companies like the Canadian banks were pummeled, trampled and abandoned. The stress from falling real estate and tumbling financial assets caused by surging interest rates, quantitative tightening and the gorged greenback was too much.

This cornucopia of autumnal angst and woe, investors are gambling, may be enough to make CBers take their foot off the brake. So, up she went. It may not signal a profound change in sentiment. We may not yet have seen the bottom of the bear. Then they get better. Meanwhile oil prices shot higher on production cuts. The Ukrainians continue to geld Vlad Putin. And the US Fed called a surprise secret meeting to review its interest rates policy.

A rate pause. War news. Inflation data. Job stats. Stay invested. Financial markets are forward-looking. When things are dangerous and drip risk, better days are surely ahead.

So why not party? When building software systems you should design them as programming langages. You should do this however small you think they will be.

In order to make this practical for small systems you should therefore use a language which allows seamless extension into other languages with insignificant zero-point cost. But because the laws are not widely known, most large software systems are built without understanding that what is being built is in fact a programming language. Got this free sample from Paolo of puerh. First infusion has a watery clear faint sugar melon sweetness with a nice long cool sugar finish.

Clear like a pond. Watery mouthfeeling. Second infusion has a melon sugar watery clear onset with a bit of faint wood. Clear watery sweet tastes.

Cool long faint aftertaste in the deeper throat. Third infusion has a pungent coolness woody sort of root veggies clear sweet sugar onset with a bit of gripping mouthfeeling. This infusion reminds me of Nannou region here.

Stronger Qi is deeply pooling in the chest. The fourth infusion has a pop of woody sugar fruity taste. Nice vibrant pop and clear tastes with a bit of gripping and nice mouthfeeling that pulls the flavor out in a singular fashion. The mouthfeeling is simultaneously gripping and stimulating but also clear and thin… sort of interesting. Long cooling throat with sweet sugar. Qi is strong in a building up sense in the Chest and diaphragm with light airy limbs.

Mildly expansive mind. Strong Qi builds in the Heart. Limbs are light mild is expansive. Really nice experience here with everything. Ascending feeling in the body. Long deep candy throat reminds me of Yiwu now. Nice mouth stimulation with long sweetness candy like and deep in throat. Very nice strong Heart clumping and limb airiness. The quick moving bitterness and candy reminds me of LaoBanZhang… do I dare say it! This is really nice puerh. Flavour, mouthfeeling, aftertaste, throatfeeling, bodyfeeling, Qi… the whole package is quite nice.

Strong Heart clumping with limb lightness and expanding consciousness. Heart pooling and lightness in the body with expansive mind. Very clear flavours and movement with pop and release type of taste. A bit of gripping mouthfeeling that has a sort of initial gripping then release with some throat stimulation now.

There is this vibrant pop of sweet taste and long candy like finish. I get a handful of more excellent infusions out of this one! From the Account Settings page, enter your desired new display name and press the “Save” button to confirm the change.

To change your password, log in to Podknife and select “Account Settings” in the dropdown menu. From the Account Settings page, enter your desired new password in the two fields below “Update Password” and press the “Save” button to confirm the change. The Decline of Usability. New iPhone SE. GitHub is now free for teams. Inkscape 1. Ask HN: Programs that saved you hours? John Conway has died. Apple and Google partner on Covid contact tracing technology.

Apple Faceshield. Coronavirus and Credibility. Zoom rolled their own encryption scheme, transmit keys through servers in China. OBS Studio: Open-source software for video recording and live streaming. Honda bucks industry trend by removing touchscreen controls. WireGuard 1. How to burn the most money with a single click in Azure. New Grad vs. Senior Dev. Zoom needs to clean up its privacy act.

Private client-side-only PWAs are hard, but now Apple made them impossible. Ask HN: Who is hiring right now? Technical Writing Courses. Ask HN: What projects are you working on now? Netflix to cut streaming quality in Europe for 30 days. Ask HN: Have you been laid off? Vienna Opera opened its archive for free streaming. Open letter from Italy to the international scientific community.

Linux Kernel Teaching. Covid is now officially a pandemic, WHO says. MIT moves all classes online for the rest of the semester. Do whatever you can’t stop thinking about.

I have seen things. DuckDuckGo is good enough for regular use. Using Anki to remember what you read. Highest French court reclassifies Uber drivers as employees.

Ask HN: Good ways to capture institutional knowledge? Freeman Dyson Has Died. Smithsonian Releases 2. Mathematics for the Adventurous Self-Learner. Does memory leak? More bosses give four-day workweek a try. Real-time, in-camera background compositing in The Mandalorian.

Larry Tesler Has Died. The dystopian world of software engineering interviews. Signal is finally bringing its secure messaging to the masses. Microsoft begins showing an anti-Firefox ad in the Windows 10 start menu. Reasons not to become famous. My productivity app for the past 12 years has been a single. Python dicts are now ordered. Ask HN: Advice for a new and inexperienced tech lead?

Wacom tablets track every app you open. Google tracks individual users per Chrome installation ID. The missing semester of CS education. Google Maps Hacks. Writing Safe Shell Scripts My Second Year as a Solo Developer. Not everyone has an internal monologue. Web scraping is legal!

US precedent. The iPad Awkwardly Turns An Update on Bradfitz: Leaving Google. Access to Wikipedia restored in Turkey after more than two and a half years. Google backtracks on search results design.

List of Twitter mute words for your timeline. Procrastination is about managing emotions, not time. Every Google result now looks like an ad. Crew Dragon launch escape demonstration. Volkswagen exec admits full self-driving cars ‘may never happen’. A Sad Day for Rust. Unofficial Apple Archive. Thank HN: You helped me get a new job. Deploy your side-projects at scale for basically nothing — Google Cloud Run.

Goodbye, Clean Code. Broot — A new way to see and navigate directory trees. How to Exit Vim. The first chosen-prefix collision for SHA Products I Wish Existed. Ask HN: I’ve been slacking off at Google for 6 years. How can I stop this? Building a BitTorrent client from the ground up in Go.

Which Emoji Scissors Close? Any Predictions? Software Disenchantment What: A terminal tool to check what is taking up your bandwidth. Encoding your WiFi access point password into a QR code. My Business Card Runs Linux. Downsides to working at a tech giant. UnDraw: Open-source illustrations for every project you can imagine and create.

Guide to Software Defined Radio. This Page is Designed to Last. Amazon, Apple, Google, and the Zigbee Alliance to develop connectivity standard. Nebraska farmers vote overwhelmingly for Right to Repair. Huginn: Create agents that monitor and act on your behalf. Learning at work is work, and we must make space for it.

ZedRipper: A core Z80 laptop. WireGuard is in net-next. The Lesson to Unlearn. The Great Cannon has been deployed again. How to fight back against Google AMP as a web user and a web developer. Fight back against Google AMP The world needs more search engines.

ISOC sold the. Lessons learned building an ML trading system. Interactive Linear Algebra. Tell HN: Google should drop Quora from search results. How to recognize AI snake oil [pdf]. Writing userspace USB drivers for abandoned devices. Joplin — a note taking and to-do application with synchronization capabilities.

Jimmy Wales has quietly launched a Facebook rival. Build Your Own React. Using Firefox for a faster, calmer and distraction-free internet. Async-await on stable Rust.

Spleeter: Extract voice, piano, drums, etc. Build Your Own X. Twitter to ban political advertising. Text Editing Hates You Too. Perfectly Cropped. Ask HN: Are there books for mathematics like Feynman’s lectures on physics? Ask HN: Successful one-person online businesses?

Firefox NordVPN confirms it was hacked. Lesser Known Coding Fonts. Music Theory for Musicians and Normal People. My Favourite Git Commit. Open-source apps removed from Google Play Store due to donation links. I just lost my wallet on the way home from work. Why Enterprise Software Sucks. Ken Thompson’s Unix Password. Google, Xiaomi, and Huawei affected by zero-day flaw that unlocks root access. Pricing niche products. Attorney General will ask Zuckerberg to halt plans for end-to-end encryption.

Boris Johnson uses search terms in interviews to hide negative articles? In Defense of Richard Stallman. Starship Prototype Unveiled. Programming Idioms. WeWork and Counterfeit Capitalism. Bike crash left Spokane man unconscious, so his Apple Watch called Serverless: slower and more expensive. Almost one in five men admits to having no close friends, a survey has found. No Telescope Required. Pure Bash Bible. Richard M. Stallman resigns.

The boring technology behind a one-person Internet company Get Started Making Music. California bans private prisons. Edward Snowden: Permanent Record.

Uber lays off people. Sunsetting Python 2. Vinyl set to outsell CDs for first time since Joi Ito Resigns from M. Everything I googled in a week as a professional software engineer. How to do a code review. Hong Kong protestors using Bridgefy’s Bluetooth-based mesh network messaging app.

A deep dive into iOS Exploit chains found in the wild. Google just deleted my nearly year-old free and open-source Android app. A man who destroyed his multimillion dollar company in 10 seconds Pronunciations for hexadecimal numbers What happens when you launch Google Chrome for the first time?

Software Architecture Guide. Introducing nushell. I Miss Microsoft Encarta. We Have Ruined Childhood. Japanese anime studio Khara moving to Blender.

Cloudflare S Ebola Is Now Curable. US Navy will replace touchscreen with mechanical controls on its destroyers. Why is modern web development so complicated? All the best engineering advice I stole from non-technical people. Standard Ebooks: Free public-domain ebooks, carefully produced. Ugly Gerry — Font created from congressional districts. Advertising Is a Cancer on Society. Megapack: Utility-Scale Energy Storage. Malicious code in the purescript NPM installer. Adblocking: How about Nah?

Saving Lydia. Visual Information Theory No CS Degree — Interviews with self-taught developers. How is it like to be a dev in Iran. Stunnel and Airline Wi-Fi. What’s Coming in Python 3. YouTube video has its own URL in it. YouTube videos that have almost zero previous views. Details of the Cloudflare outage on July 2, Apple has pushed a silent Mac update to remove hidden Zoom web server. Vulnerability in the Mac Zoom client allows malicious websites to enable camera.

How to write idempotent Bash scripts. California law banning bots from pretending to be real people without disclosure. Cloudflare Network Performance Issues. Choose Boring Technology. The German Tank Problem. Microsoft’s Linux Kernel. Why is Stack Overflow trying to start audio? Raspberry Pi 4.

Startup idea checklist. Show HN: A job board for companies fighting ageism in tech. Support for right-to-repair laws slowly grows. Facebook moderators break NDAs to expose working conditions. Facebook reveals its cryptocurrency Libra. Mazda is purging touchscreens from its vehicles. Game Builder: Create 3D games with friends, no experience required.

Dear Bureaucrat, my job wants me to lie. People know people who died. Not all families have been affected severely by Covid, but most will know one that has. We are likely entering a period of increased empathy: even after accounting for desensitization after prolongued exposure to the same stress, the suffering of others is top of mind for many.

Thirdly, it is a time of tired giants and emerging movements. View code. AI Generated?? It’s Time to Rethink How We Work 2 hash file, client side Ransomware – Most attacks exploit these common cybersecurity mistakes – so fix them now, warns Microsoft Former Apple employee pleads guilty to stealing self-driving car secrets Europe – the next 5 to 10 winters are going to be difficult, Belgian prime minister says The gathering crisis Blockchains by Number of Nodes Deep copying in JavaScript using structuredClone Electric scooter with swappable batteries in Taiwan Unusual entry method of Vietnamese police raiding a building Girl breaks a wine glass with her voice They swim straight out of womb What happens when you call a professional locksmith Moving to Estonia to build a startup myass!

India farmer moves two-storey home – an inch at a time Big Tech is building the metaverse of its own dreams. NET in Ubuntu Here’s what they found Gamma – write like a doc, present like a deck US says Arizona and Nevada will get less water from Colorado River Stop drinking, keep reading, look after your hearing – a neurologist tips whaa?

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